Child Rights Protection

While overall there has been some attempt to protect children rights through selective policies and laws due to continuous pressure from civil society organisations including HRF there are still several challenges to be able to enforce the Constitutional Rights of children, the UNCRC and several welfare legislation for the protection of child rights. The Government of India has enacted the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009. However, even this Act is inadequate because it gives the rights of free and compulsory education to children of only 6-14 years and denies the right of children 15 – 18 yrs and also early childhood care. Even though it is a partial victory to our work, we are in a process to monitor the enforcement of this Act and evolve child friendly rules in Tamil Nadu. The state continues to give children, least priority in terms of budgets and framing a comprehensive national policy for children which could then influence bringing about very usefull amendments to various laws governing children. Hence we have to continuously advocate with the Government to give a first call for children that all decisions at the administrative, executive and judicial must be in the best interests of the children.

Sexual abuse in schools, hostels, homes and neighbourhood continue with the state enforcement wing, prosecution and judiciary not taking sufficient action. Child labour and bonded labour despite some achievement of success continues and unabated both in Tamil Nadu and at the National level. Torture and abuse of children including corporal punishment in schools, declining sex ratio and denial of basic right to life, survival and decent livelihood including free, compulsory, equitable, quality education, highest standards of health care and nutrition, protecting rights of children with disabilities and enforcing human rights standards in juvenile homes, safe and permanent housing, food security are some of the rights yet to be fulfilled. This situation of children can be changed by networking and campaigning with parents, teachers, media, political parties and elected representatives, administrators, organisations of dalits, women and workers, NGO’s, etc. It is only this unity which can make the state act in more holistic manner for the promotion and protection of children’s rights.

The UNCRC which India ratified in 1992 and for which a nationwide social audit is being done in which (HRF is a member) protects several rights of children.  Our position is that the Indian Constitution has a bundle of rights which protects children including Article 24,14, 21, 21A, 19, 23 of the Fundamental Rights Chapter read together with Article 38(2), 39 (e) and (f), 43, 45, 46, 47 of the chapter on Directive Principles.  The state in India both at the national level and regional level has failed in a major way to enforce these rights.

The process of globalisation has  worsened the conditions of millions of children and their families and increased the number of children being pushed out of schools and entering the labour market at very early ages. This is especially so in the age group of 15 to 18 years. Recently the union cabinet approved The Child labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Bill 2015 violates article 1 & 32 of the UNCRC. This Amendment bill defines a child as a person who has not completed his 14 years of age. It goes on to further violate the definition of a child between 15 to 18 years as Adolescent. Several policy decisions by the Union and State Governments has led to increasing poverty and unemployment, loss of home lands and worsening food security.


Manifesto on Child Rights

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Resources (Downloads)

AllChild Rights Media

National Child Protection Policy

07 Jan 2019

On 14 December 2018, the Government of India released the draft National Child Protection Policy....

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Child Rights in Tamilnadu 2018

The Annual Status Report on Children 2018

10 Apr 2018

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Childrens Voices for Human Rights 77 - 2017

Children’s Voices for Human Rights Newsletter – Issue no.77

30 Jun 2017

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Children’s Voice Newsletter – Issue No.76

30 May 2017

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AllChild Rights Training

Introductory Training on Child Budget Analysis

10 Apr 2018

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Advanced Training for Child Rights Defenders: Monitoring state mechanisms

17 Mar 2017

Advanced Training for Child Rights Defenders: Monitoring state mechanisms Institute of Human Rights Advocacy and Research conducted a one day “Advanced Training for Child Rights Defenders: Monitoring State Mechanisms” on 2...

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Trainers Training on Child Protection Rights

07 May 2016

Trainers Training on Child Protection Rights 16th & 17th March 2016, Chennai Despite several protective legislations and government orders child rights violations continue to increase due to physical and mental...

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Fact Finding

AllChild Rights FF

Factsheet: Status of child rights with specific reference to RtE in Tamil Nadu

31 Aug 2016

1           Introduction Ensuring education for all children up to 18 years helps prevents child specific violations such as child labour,...

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Fact Finding: Death of a 6 year old boy in a School at Tirupur

24 May 2016

Summary of the Tragic Incident: Sivaram a 6 year old boy was studying 1st standard in Kathiravan Matriculation Higher Secondary...

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Fact Finding: Sudden deaths of 11 Neonatal babies at Dharmapuri Government Hospital

21 Dec 2014

Introduction: On 14th November, 2014 11 new born babies died in the neonatal intensive care unit of Government Dharmapuri Medical...

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Fact Finding: Rape and murder of a 10 year old girl

21 Dec 2014

Short Description:  On 14-02-2014 night, Thenmozhi (name changed) daughter of Paramasivam was abducted from the house. Next day Mr. Paramasivam...

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