Dalit and Tribal Rights

There are 14,438,445 (20.01%) Scheduled Castes (Dalits) and 794,697 (1.10%) Scheduled Tribes (Adivasi, literally indigenous people/first dwellers) in Tamil Nadu (Census of India 2011). They are pushed to the bottom rung of society in several human development indicators. While the literacy rate of the general population is 82.15% for the Scheduled Castes it is 73.26% and for the Scheduled Tribes it is 54.34%. Several protective legislation and social security measures for their well-being remain in the statute books. 

The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act 1989 (popularly ‘the atrocities act’ or POA) and the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (popularly Forest Rights Act or FRA) are two key legislations for both the Dalits and Adivasis.

The cases registered under the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act 1989 continue a sharp increase from 2007 (1359) to 2014 (1636) while the convictions have plunged. In the meantime, the number of atrocity-prone villages have gone up from 407 to 471. In 2009 it reached a peak of 680 atrocity-prone villages. After a secular decline from then, it has again increased from 2012 onwards.

HRF has been active in the National Coalition for Strengthening the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, with a key role in drafting amendments to the SCs and STs (PoA) Act 1989 and Rules 1995 which were passed by the parliament in 2015 and notified in 2016.

For economic justice, the Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) and the Scheduled Castes Sub Plan (SCSP) are the key provisions. There is a need to legislate to make these allocations and support mandatory with sufficient accountability of the officials in charge. HRF, together with our coalition partners, has submitted a draft bill to the Government of Tamil Nadu for consideration.

Resources (Downloads)

Dalit Media
SC & ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act - Tamil Nadu 2020 State Annual Report

GoTN PoA Annual Report – 2020

03 Sep 2021

The SCs & STs (Prevention of Atrocities) Act – Tamil Nadu State Annual Report –...

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30 years score card

30 year scorecard SCs and STs (PoA) Act in Tamil Nadu

11 Sep 2020

The thirty year scorecard of the implementation of the SCs and STs (Prevention of Atrocities)...

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The Elusive Search for Justice

11 Sep 2020

30 years… the search goes on Thirty years is a short time in history, yet...

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Prevention of Atrocities (Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes)  - Contingency Plan (Rule 15)

Monitoring the Monitors – Contingency Plan

13 Jul 2020

Prevention of Atrocities (Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes)  – Contingency Plan (Rule 15) – Tamil...

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Training

Dalit Training
SCs and STs (PoA)-CVMC Meeting 2

SCs and STs (PoA)-CVMC Meeting 2

29 Jun 2020

Citizen’s Vigilance and Monitoring Committee Online, 1030 – 1300, 27 June 2020 The meeting started...

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SCs and STs (PoA)-CVMC Meeting 1

SCs and STs (PoA)-CVMC Meeting 1

22 Jun 2020

Citizens’ Vigilance and Monitoring Committee Meeting Online, 1100-1300, 20 June 2020 Human Rights Advocacy and...

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Monitoring the Monitors: SCs & STs POA Act

Monitoring the Monitors: SCs & STs POA Act

11 Jun 2019

An the Introductory training on monitoring the monitors of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes...

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Monitoring SC ST POA Act in Tamil Nadu

Monitoring SC ST POA Act in Tamil Nadu

08 Apr 2019

Human Rights Advocacy and Research Foundation organised a ‘planning meeting to monitor the Implementation of...

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Events

Dalit Events
Zonal Level Strategic Multi - Actor Roundtable - Thoothukudi 2021

Annual Z-SMART 2021 – Thoothukudi

22 Aug 2021

The Annual Zonal Level Strategic Multi-Actor Roundtable (Z-SMART) for better implementation of Scheduled Castes &...

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Zonal Level Strategic Multi - Actor Roundtable - Ramanathapuram 2021

Annual Z-SMART 2021 – Ramanathapuram

21 Aug 2021

The Annual Zonal Level Strategic Multi-Actor Roundtable (Z-SMART) for better implementation of Scheduled Castes &...

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Zonal Level Strategic Multi - Actor Roundtable - Tirunelveli 2021

Annual Z-SMART 2021 – Tirunelveli

18 Aug 2021

The Annual Zonal Level Strategic Multi-Actor Roundtable (Z-SMART) for better implementation of Scheduled Castes &...

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Zonal Level Strategic Multi - Actor Roundtable - Salem 2021

Annual Z-SMART 2021 – Salem

08 Aug 2021

The Annual Zonal Level Strategic Multi-Actor Roundtable (Z-SMART) for better implementation of Scheduled Castes &...

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Recent Posts

SCs and STs PoA
SC & ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act - Tamil Nadu 2020 State Annual Report

GoTN PoA Annual Report – 2020

03 Sep 2021

The SCs & STs (Prevention of Atrocities) Act – Tamil Nadu State Annual Report – 2020 Under Rule 18 of PoA, the TN State Government has published the State Annual Report 2020 having the measures taken, various schemes/plans framed by it during 2020. It shall be forwarded to the Central...

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Zonal Level Strategic Multi - Actor Roundtable - Thoothukudi 2021

Annual Z-SMART 2021 – Thoothukudi

22 Aug 2021

The Annual Zonal Level Strategic Multi-Actor Roundtable (Z-SMART) for better implementation of Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act was conducted in Thoothukudi district on 22 August 2021.

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Zonal Level Strategic Multi - Actor Roundtable - Ramanathapuram 2021

Annual Z-SMART 2021 – Ramanathapuram

21 Aug 2021

The Annual Zonal Level Strategic Multi-Actor Roundtable (Z-SMART) for better implementation of Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act was conducted in Ramanathapuram district on 21 August 2021.

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Zonal Level Strategic Multi - Actor Roundtable - Tirunelveli 2021

Annual Z-SMART 2021 – Tirunelveli

18 Aug 2021

The Annual Zonal Level Strategic Multi-Actor Roundtable (Z-SMART) for better implementation of Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act was conducted in Tirunelveli district on 18 August 2021.

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